Including biological diversity in natural capital accounts for marine biodiversity conservation and human well-being

Luisetti, Tiziana and Schratzberger, Michaela (2023) Including biological diversity in natural capital accounts for marine biodiversity conservation and human well-being. Biodiversity and Conservation, 32. pp. 405-413. ISSN 0960-3115

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Natural capital (NC) accounts measure and value the benefits that ecosystems provide to humans. Marine biodiversity supports human well-being directly by providing a source of food (e.g. wild fish), and indirectly by providing employment (e.g. fisheries, and tourism) and recreation (e.g. diving). The inclusion of the marine environment in NC accounting is relatively new. Central to the NC framework, biodiversity is one of the most challenging aspects to account for. Here, we consider the potential for marine biodiversity to be included in NC accounts, and explain why this is in line with current policy directions towards achieving sustainability and well-being. We present a set of potential indicators that could be used to assess ecosystem extent and ecosystem condition through their biodiversity, and inform policies aimed to improve sustainability and human well-being. We conclude that including biological indicators in NC accounts will help to consider marine biodiversity conservation and economic activities in blue spaces as complementary components of well-being. NC accounts can facilitate decision-making by showing, in few interconnected tables, trends in the provision of biodiversity in a specific area and for specific ecosystems. This makes potential trade-offs between ecosystems, ecosystem services, and economic activities more apparent.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The authors were supported by Development project DP413 of the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science ('Seas of Opportunity'). Adrian Judd is acknowledged for his valuable comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. The authors would like to also thank three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions. The views expressed in the manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect an endorsement by the government agency or other institutions with whom they are affiliated.
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecosystem services,ecosystems,sustainable development,ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics,nature and landscape conservation,ecology,sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2022 17:34
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2023 13:30
DOI: 10.1007/s10531-021-02342-0

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