Prevention of malnutrition among children under 5 years old in Iran:A policy analysis

Mohseni, Mohammad, Aryankhesal, Aidin ORCID: and Kalantari, Naser (2019) Prevention of malnutrition among children under 5 years old in Iran:A policy analysis. PLoS One, 14 (3). ISSN 1932-6203

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Background Malnutrition is one of the main causes of death in children under 5 years of age and one of the most common factors threatening children’s life and health. Nutrition policy analysis and solving existing problems in children can reduce the effects of malnutrition. This study aimed to analyze the current policies of malnutrition prevention in children under five years of age in Iran. Method This study was conducted in 2017 to analyze policies using the "policy triangle framework". In order to examine the policy-making process, the Kingdon’s multiple streams model was used. A combination of two sampling methods, including purposeful and snowball sampling, was applied to select the interviewees. In relation to the implemented documents and policies, the country’s most important policies were selected based on the suggestions of policy makers as well as searching scientific databases and electronic portals. A data collection form was used to identify the current policies and documents and a semi-structured interview guide form was used for the interviews. The framework analysis and MaxQDA software were applied to analyze the data obtained from the interviews. Results The key factors affecting policies in Iran included the status of indicators as well as economic, social, structural-legal, policy and international factors. Among the most important policies and implemented programs, the following can be mentioned: growth monitoring, oral rehydration, breastfeeding, immunization, female education, family spacing, food supplementation, nutrition for children under five years of age, and control of nutritional deficiencies. Currently there is a need for a nationwide program and comprehensive document in the field of the nutrition in children under 5 years of age, which requires strengthening of the political process. Participants and stakeholders in nutrition-related policies for children under the age of five were divided into four categories of governmental, semi-governmental, non-governmental, and international organizations. Conclusion More attention should be paid to the shortage of some micronutrients, accurate implementation of breastfeeding programs, supplementary nutrition, fortification and supplementation programs for children and mothers, utilization of the advantages of each region and its resources, and better coordination between organizations and their policies, and finally strong incentives are needed to promote macro nutritional goals for children under five years of age.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: ThisstudywaspartofaPhDthesissupportedbyIranUniversityofMedicalSciences(grant No:IUMS/SHMIS_1394/9221557201).WearegratefultoDr.SaberAzami-Aghdashwho helpedusinpreparationandmakingsignificantimprovementstothemanuscript. Funding Information: This study was part of a PhD thesis supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences (grant No: IUMS/SHMIS _1394/9221557201) to AA. This study was part of a PhD thesis supported by Iran University of Medical Sciences (grant No: IUMS/SHMIS_1394/9221557201). We are grateful to Dr. Saber Azami-Aghdash who helped us in preparation and making significant improvements to the manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2019 Mohseni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: general,sdg 2 - zero hunger ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2022 09:31
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 15:21
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213136

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item