Provincial human development index, a guide for efficiency level analysis:The case of Iran

Sabermahani, Asma, Barouni, Mohsen, Seyedin, Hesam and Aryankhesal, Aidin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6695-227X (2013) Provincial human development index, a guide for efficiency level analysis:The case of Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 42 (2). pp. 149-157. ISSN 2251-6085

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Abstract

Background: Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite indicator that can show the impact of economic strategies on human life standardsThe index is calculated by three main factors of income, education and healthThis research studies the status of HDI across the Iranian provinces, its changes over time and the efficiency of provinces in using resourcesMethods: The data for 2001 and 2009 was obtained from the Iranian Center of StatisticsData envelopment analysis technique was used to analyze the dataTo calculate the efficiency, Banker, Charnes and Cooper's model was usedResults: The national mean for the HDI in 2001 was 0.717 while it grew to 0.747 in 2009Except for one province, all others had an improved human development indexLow ranked provinces such as Sistan & Baluchistan and Kurdistan stayed at the bottom in 2009 as wellSome provinces such as Bushehr with developing oil industries, or those purposively benefited from national oil income showed good growthIn some provinces, such as Hormozgan, out-migration of manpower to its neighboring province, Bushehr, was associated with decrease of the provincial income levelThe number of efficient provinces increased from 5 to 13 in 2009Conclusion: Iran falls among countries with high human development index based on the 2009 dataHowever, the distribution of HDI status across provinces was highly varied and the difference between high- and low-developed provinces increased in 2009The government needs to revise policies concerning distribution of resources among the provinces.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bcc model,data envelopment analysis,efficiency,human development index,iran,resource allocation,public health, environmental and occupational health,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2739
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2022 09:30
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2022 00:50
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/89597
DOI:

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