Diversity, detection and exploitation: linking soil fungi and plant disease

Bollmann-Giolai, Anita, Malone, Jacob G. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1959-6820 and Arora, Sanu (2022) Diversity, detection and exploitation: linking soil fungi and plant disease. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 70. ISSN 1369-5274

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Abstract

Plant-associated fungi are incredibly diverse, comprising over a million species of mycorrhiza, endophytes, saprophytes and pathogens worldwide. This diverse fungal community is highly important for plant health. Many fungi are effective biocontrol agents that can kill or suppress fungal pathogens, with pathogen biocontrol found for both individual microorganisms and plant-associated fungal consortia. Meanwhile, increased plant community diversity aboveground corresponds to an increase in below-ground fungal community diversity, which contributes in turn to improved rhizosphere soil health and pathogen suppression. In this review, we discuss the role of fungal diversity in soil health and plant disease suppression and the various mechanisms by which mycorrhizal and endophytic fungi combat plant pathogenic fungi. We also discuss the array of diagnostic tools, both well-established and newly developed, which are revolutionising fungal pathogen detection and rhizosphere community analysis.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: Research in the Malone and Arora labs is funded by UKRI BBSRC Institute Strategic Program Grant BBS/E/J/000PR9797 (Plant Health) to the John Innes Centre. Sanu Arora is also funded by a John Innes Foundation Fellowship . Anita Bollmann-Giolai is supported by core funding from the lab of Prof. Dr. Anna-Liisa Laine ( University of Zurich ). Figure 2 was created using BioRender (www.biorender.com).
Uncontrolled Keywords: microbiology,microbiology (medical),infectious diseases ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2400/2404
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Molecular Microbiology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 11:31
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2023 18:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/89440
DOI: 10.1016/j.mib.2022.102199

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