The microbiome beyond the horizon of ecological and evolutionary theory

Koskella, Britt, Hall, Lindsay J. ORCID: and Metcalf, C. Jessica E. (2017) The microbiome beyond the horizon of ecological and evolutionary theory. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1 (11). pp. 1606-1615. ISSN 2397-334X

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The ecological and evolutionary study of community formation, diversity, and stability is rooted in general theory and reinforced by decades of system-specific empirical work. Deploying these ideas to study the assembly, complexity, and dynamics of microbial communities living in and on eukaryotes has proved seductive, but challenging. The success of this research endeavour depends on our capacity to observe and characterize the distributions, abundances, and functional traits of microbiota, representing an array of technical and analytical challenges. Furthermore, a number of unique characteristics of microbial species, such as horizontal gene transfer, the production of public goods, toxin and antibiotic production, rapid evolution, and feedbacks between the microbiome and its host, are not easily accommodated by current ecological and evolutionary theory. Here we highlight potential pitfalls in the application of existing theoretical tools without careful consideration of the unique complexities of the microbiome, focusing particularly on the issue of human health, and anchoring our discussion in existing empirical evidence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2022 10:33
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2022 13:32
DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0340-2

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