Kat-ARC accelerated 4D flow CMR: clinical validation for transvalvular flow and peak velocity assessment

Assadi, Hosamadin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6143-8095, Uthayachandran, Bhalraam, Li, Rui, Wardley, James, Nyi, Tha H., Grafton-Clarke, Ciaran ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8537-0806, Swift, Andrew J., Solana, Ana Beatriz, Aben, Jean-Paul, Thampi, Kurian, Hewson, David, Sawh, Chris, Greenwood, Richard, Hughes, Marina, Kasmai, Bahman, Zhong, Liang, Flather, Marcus, Vassiliou, Vassilios ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4005-7752 and Garg, Pankaj ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5483-169X (2022) Kat-ARC accelerated 4D flow CMR: clinical validation for transvalvular flow and peak velocity assessment. European Radiology, 6. ISSN 0938-7994

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Abstract

Background To validate the k-adaptive-t autocalibrating reconstruction for Cartesian sampling (kat-ARC), an exclusive sparse reconstruction technique for four-dimensional (4D) flow cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) using conservation of mass principle applied to transvalvular flow. Methods This observational retrospective study (2020/21-075) was approved by the local ethics committee at the University of East Anglia. Consent was waived. Thirty-five patients who had a clinical CMR scan were included. CMR protocol included cine and 4D flow using Kat-ARC acceleration factor 6. No respiratory navigation was applied. For validation, the agreement between mitral net flow (MNF) and the aortic net flow (ANF) was investigated. Additionally, we checked the agreement between peak aortic valve velocity derived by 4D flow and that derived by continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography in 20 patients. Results The median age of our patient population was 63 years (interquartile range [IQR] 54–73), and 18/35 (51%) were male. Seventeen (49%) patients had mitral regurgitation, and seven (20%) patients had aortic regurgitation. Mean acquisition time was 8 ± 4 min. MNF and ANF were comparable: 60 mL (51−78) versus 63 mL (57−77), p = 0.310). There was an association between MNF and ANF (rho = 0.58, p < 0.001). Peak aortic valve velocity by Doppler and 4D flow were comparable (1.40 m/s, [1.30−1.75] versus 1.46 m/s [1.25−2.11], p = 0.602) and also correlated with each other (rho = 0.77, p < 0.001). Conclusions Kat-ARC accelerated 4D flow CMR quantified transvalvular flow in accordance with the conservation of mass principle and is primed for clinical translation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: aortic valve,blood flow velocity,echocardiography (doppler),,magnetic resonance imaging,mitral valve
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 09:30
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 08:23
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/88582
DOI: 10.1186/s41747-022-00299-5

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