Recent advances in the biosynthesis of modified tetrapyrroles:The discovery of an alternative pathway for the formation of heme and heme d 1

Bali, Shilpa, Palmer, David J., Schroeder, Susanne, Ferguson, Stuart J. and Warren, Martin J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6028-6456 (2014) Recent advances in the biosynthesis of modified tetrapyrroles:The discovery of an alternative pathway for the formation of heme and heme d 1. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 71 (15). pp. 2837-2863. ISSN 1420-682X

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Hemes (a, b, c, and o) and heme d 1 belong to the group of modified tetrapyrroles, which also includes chlorophylls, cobalamins, coenzyme F430, and siroheme. These compounds are found throughout all domains of life and are involved in a variety of essential biological processes ranging from photosynthesis to methanogenesis. The biosynthesis of heme b has been well studied in many organisms, but in sulfate-reducing bacteria and archaea, the pathway has remained a mystery, as many of the enzymes involved in these characterized steps are absent. The heme pathway in most organisms proceeds from the cyclic precursor of all modified tetrapyrroles uroporphyrinogen III, to coproporphyrinogen III, which is followed by oxidation of the ring and finally iron insertion. Sulfate-reducing bacteria and some archaea lack the genetic information necessary to convert uroporphyrinogen III to heme along the "classical" route and instead use an "alternative" pathway. Biosynthesis of the isobacteriochlorin heme d1, a cofactor of the dissimilatory nitrite reductase cytochrome cd1, has also been a subject of much research, although the biosynthetic pathway and its intermediates have evaded discovery for quite some time. This review focuses on the recent advances in the understanding of these two pathways and their surprisingly close relationship via the unlikely intermediate siroheme, which is also a cofactor of sulfite and nitrite reductases in many organisms. The evolutionary questions raised by this discovery will also be discussed along with the potential regulation required by organisms with overlapping tetrapyrrole biosynthesis pathways.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This work was supported by BBSRC grants BBE0229441 and BB/E024203 to S.J.F and M.J.W.
Uncontrolled Keywords: alternative heme biosynthesis,heme,modified tetrapyrrole,siroheme,tetrapyrrole biosynthesis,molecular medicine,molecular biology,pharmacology,cellular and molecular neuroscience,cell biology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1313
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2022 14:31
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 08:36
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/88495
DOI: 10.1007/s00018-014-1563-x

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item