Family carers of people with dementia in Japan, Spain, and the UK: A cross-cultural comparison of the relationships between experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, and carer depression

Kishita, Naoko, Morimoto, Hiroshi, Márquez-González, María, Barrera-Caballero, Samara, Vara-García, Carlos, Van Hout, Elien ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2956-7575, Contreras, Milena ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5171-0534 and Losada-Baltar, Andrés (2022) Family carers of people with dementia in Japan, Spain, and the UK: A cross-cultural comparison of the relationships between experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, and carer depression. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. ISSN 0891-9887 (In Press)

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Abstract

This study investigated whether the relationship between experiential avoidance and carer depression is mediated by cognitive fusion using path analysis and whether this model differs between family carers from Japan, Spain, and the UK using multi-group path analysis. The whole sample model (N=745) showed a good fit to the data. The direct effect of experiential avoidance on carer depression (β=.10) and its indirect effect on carer depression through cognitive fusion (β=.15) were significant. Examined variables accounted for 45% of the variance of depression. Multi-group path analysis confirmed the same pattern of indirect path across three countries, while the direct path was no longer significant in Spanish and UK samples. These findings suggest that targeting cognitive fusion may be particularly critical in culturally diverse carers and pre-emptive efforts to reduce experiential avoidance using psychological techniques may be beneficial among family carers prone to cognitive fusion regardless of cultural differences.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2022 10:30
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2022 08:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/88214
DOI:

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