Small RNAs regulate plant responses to filamentous pathogens

Kuan, Tung, Zhai, Yi and Ma, Wenbo (2016) Small RNAs regulate plant responses to filamentous pathogens. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 56. pp. 190-200. ISSN 1084-9521

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Small RNAs are central players of RNA silencing in eukaryotes. These short RNA molecules (20–25 nucleotides in length) repress target gene expression based on sequence complementarity. While small RNAs are well-known for their essential function in regulating growth and development, recent research has revealed that they also influence plant immunity. Extensive changes in small RNA accumulation have been observed during infection. This review focuses on specific small RNA changes that are involved in plant responses to filamentous eukaryotic pathogens including fungi and oomycetes. We describe how changes in small RNA accumulation influence plant immunity and summarize the cellular processes affected by these small RNAs. In particular, we discuss secondary small interfering RNAs that directly modulate the expression of defense-related genes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: Research in the Ma laboratory on Phytophthora has been supported by the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative competitive grants program, Award # 2014-67013-21554 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture , the USDA-RSAP grant # CA-R-PPA-7699-H , and the US National Science Foundation-Plant Genome Research Program Award # IOS-1340001 . TK is supported by oversea graduate student scholarship from Taiwan Department of Education . Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Uncontrolled Keywords: plant filamentous pathogens,rna silencing,rna silencing suppressors,small non-coding rna,developmental biology,cell biology ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1309
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > The Sainsbury Laboratory
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2022 12:30
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2022 01:41
DOI: 10.1016/j.semcdb.2016.05.013

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