The current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging:Applications

Wheeler-Kingshott, C. A., Stroman, P. W., Schwab, J. M., Bacon, M., Bosma, R., Brooks, J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3335-6209, Cadotte, D. W., Carlstedt, T., Ciccarelli, O., Cohen-Adad, J., Curt, A., Evangelou, N., Fehlings, M. G., Filippi, M., Kelley, B. J., Kollias, S., Mackay, A., Porro, C. A., Smith, S., Strittmatter, S. M., Summers, P., Thompson, A. J. and Tracey, I. (2014) The current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging:Applications. NeuroImage, 84. pp. 1082-1093. ISSN 1053-8119

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Abstract

A first-ever spinal cord imaging meeting was sponsored by the International Spinal Research Trust and the Wings for Life Foundation with the aim of identifying the current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging, the current greatest challenges, and greatest needs for future development. This meeting was attended by a small group of invited experts spanning all aspects of spinal cord imaging from basic research to clinical practice. The greatest current challenges for spinal cord imaging were identified as arising from the imaging environment itself; difficult imaging environment created by the bone surrounding the spinal canal, physiological motion of the cord and adjacent tissues, and small crosssectional dimensions of the spinal cord, exacerbated by metallic implants often present in injured patients. Challenges were also identified as a result of a lack of "critical mass" of researchers taking on the development of spinal cord imaging, affecting both the rate of progress in the field, and the demand for equipment and software to manufacturers to produce the necessary tools. Here we define the current state-of-the-art of spinal cord imaging, discuss the underlying theory and challenges, and present the evidence for the current and potential power of these methods. In two review papers (part I and part II), we propose that the challenges can be overcome with advances in methods, improving availability and effectiveness of methods, and linking existing researchers to create the necessary scientific and clinical network to advance the rate of progress and impact of the research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This work is the result of the efforts of the International Spinal Research Trust and the Wings for Life Spinal Cord Research Foundation to bring together researchers with a common goal of developing non-invasive imaging tools for basic and clinical spinal cord research and to support advances in treatment and rehabilitation. The goal is to speed advances and make these imaging tools more widely available by promoting collaboration between researchers and by identifying the most important challenges and needs for spinal cord imaging. Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no financial conflicts of interest that could have an actual or perceived influence over the work presented in this paper.
Uncontrolled Keywords: diffusion,functional mri,magnetic resonance,pathology,spinal cord,spinal cord injury,neurology,cognitive neuroscience ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2808
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 11:31
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 02:44
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/87793
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.014

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