Exploring the neural substrates of misinformation processing

Gordon, Andrew, Brooks, Jonathan C.W. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3335-6209, Quadflieg, Susanne, Ecker, Ullrich K.H. and Lewandowsky, Stephan (2017) Exploring the neural substrates of misinformation processing. Neuropsychologia, 106. pp. 216-224. ISSN 0028-3932

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Abstract

It is well known that information that is initially thought to be correct but then revealed to be false, often continues to influence human judgement and decision making despite people being aware of the retraction. Yet little research has examined the underlying neural substrates of this phenomenon, which is known as the ‘continued influence effect of misinformation’ (CIEM). It remains unclear how the human brain processes critical information that retracts prior claims. To address this question in further detail, 26 healthy adults underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while listening to brief narratives which either involved a retraction of prior information or not. Following each narrative, subjects’ comprehension of the narrative, including their inclination to rely on retracted information, was probed. As expected, it was found that retracted information continued to affect participants’ narrative-related reasoning. In addition, the fMRI data indicated that the continued influence of retracted information may be due to a breakdown of narrative-level integration and coherence-building mechanisms implemented by the precuneus and posterior cingulate gyrus.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The authors thank Nick Quirk for his work on sound production and design of a recording program for the verbal stimuli. We would also like to thank Claudia Summers for providing the voice for our stimuli. This research was made possible through University of Bristol internal funds, ARC funding awarded to Stephan Lewandowsky and Ullrich Ecker, and funding from the Royal Society and Psychonomic Society to Stephan Lewandowsky. Publisher Copyright: © 2017
Uncontrolled Keywords: continued influence effect,memory updating,misinformation,experimental and cognitive psychology,cognitive neuroscience,behavioral neuroscience,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 11:30
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 02:44
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/87781
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.10.003

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