Topological superfluid defects with discrete point group symmetries

Xiao, Y., Borgh, M. O. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4243-7051, Blinova, A., Ollikainen, T., Ruostekoski, J. and Hall, D. S. (2022) Topological superfluid defects with discrete point group symmetries. Nature Communications, 13. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Discrete symmetries are spatially ubiquitous but are often hidden in internal states of systems where they can have especially profound consequences. In this work we create and verify exotic magnetic phases of atomic spinor Bose–Einstein condensates that, despite their continuous character and intrinsic spatial isotropy, exhibit complex discrete polytope symmetries in their topological defects. Using carefully tailored spinor rotations and microwave transitions, we engineer singular line defects whose quantization conditions, exchange statistics, and dynamics are fundamentally determined by these underlying symmetries. We show how filling the vortex line singularities with atoms in a variety of different phases leads to core structures that possess magnetic interfaces with rich combinations of discrete and continuous symmetries. Such defects, with their non-commutative properties, could provide unconventional realizations of quantum information and interferometry.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Acknowledgements: The authors are grateful for experimental assistance from L. Reuter. D.S.H. and T.O. thank M. Möttönen for helpful discussions. D.S.H. acknowledges financial support from the National Science Foundation (Grant No. PHY–1806318), J.R. from the UK EPSRC (Grant Nos. EP/P026133/1, EP/S002952/1), and T.O. from the Emil Aaltonen Foundation and the Kaupallisten ja teknillisten tieteiden tukisäätiö (KAUTE) foundation through its Researchers Abroad program.
Uncontrolled Keywords: chemistry(all),biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology(all),general,physics and astronomy(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 11:48
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2022 05:55
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/87730
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-32362-5

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