Prospective associations between peer functioning and social anxiety in adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Chiu, Kenny ORCID:, Clark, David M. and Leigh, Eleanor (2021) Prospective associations between peer functioning and social anxiety in adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 279. pp. 650-661. ISSN 0165-0327

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Background: During adolescence, peer relationships take precedence and there is a normative increase in social anxiety. Although prospective studies have suggested peer functioning and social anxiety can influence each other, their findings have not been examined systematically. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to examine the bidirectional relationship between peer functioning and social anxiety in adolescence. Methods: EMBASE, PsycINFO, Medline, and PubMed were searched to identify relevant articles. Meta-analysis was conducted to examine the mean effect sizes of prospective associations between social anxiety and four dimensions of peer functioning. Moderator analysis was performed, with age, gender, time interval between baseline and follow-up assessment, and publication year as moderators. Results: Meta-analyses of 23 studies showed that friendship quality (r =-.11), peer rejection (r =-.06), and peer victimization (r =.23) were each associated with later social anxiety, but peer acceptance was not (r =-.11). Social anxiety at baseline was associated with prospective levels of friendship quality (r =-.11), peer rejection (r=.09), and peer victimization (r =.17), but not peer acceptance (r =-.14). Age moderated the association between friendship quality and prospective social anxiety. Other moderator effects were statistically non-significant. Limitations: Limitations include different classifications of peer functioning, the use of self-report measures, heterogeneity between studies, and underrepresentation of clinical samples. Conclusions: A significant bidirectional association was found with social anxiety across three dimensions of peer functioning. Psychological prevention and intervention targeting peer functioning and social anxiety are indicated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding: Eleanor Leigh is funded by the Wellcome Trust clinical research training fellowship (102176/Z/13/Z). David M. Clark is a Wellcome Trust (WT069777) and National Institute for Health Research (NF-SI-0512-10132) senior investigator. Kenny Chiu was funded by the King's College London–Hong Kong scholarship.
Uncontrolled Keywords: adolescents,friendship quality,peer acceptance,peer rejection,peer victimization,prospective,social anxiety,clinical psychology,psychiatry and mental health ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3203
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2022 15:31
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 04:07
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.10.055

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