Competitive uptake of dimethylamine and trimethylamine against ammonia on acidic particles in marine atmospheres

Chen, Dihui, Yao, Xiaohong, Chan, Chak Keung, Tian, Xiaomeng, Chu, Yangxi, Clegg, Simon Leslie, Shen, Yanjie, Gao, Yang and Gao, Huiwang (2022) Competitive uptake of dimethylamine and trimethylamine against ammonia on acidic particles in marine atmospheres. Environmental Science & Technology, 56 (9). pp. 5430-5439. ISSN 0013-936X

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Abstract

Alkaline gases such as NH3 and amines play important roles in neutralizing acidic particles in the atmosphere. Here, two common gaseous amines (dimethylamine (DMA) and trimethylamine (TMA)), NH3, and their corresponding ions in PM2.5 were measured semicontinuously using an ambient ion monitor-ion chromatography (AIM-IC) system in marine air during a round-trip cruise of approximately 4000 km along the coastline of eastern China. The concentrations of particulate DMA, detected as DMAH+, varied from <4 to 100 ng m–3 and generally decreased with increasing atmospheric NH3 concentrations. Combining observations with thermodynamic equilibrium calculations using the extended aerosol inorganics model (E-AIM) indicated that the competitive uptake of DMA against NH3 on acidic aerosols generally followed thermodynamic equilibria and appeared to be sensitive to DMA/NH3 molar ratios, resulting in molar ratios of DMAH+ to DMA + DMAH+ of 0.31 ± 0.16 (average ± standard deviation) at atmospheric NH3 concentrations over 1.8 μg m–3 (with a corresponding DMA/NH3 ratio of (1.8 ± 1.0) × 10–3), 0.80 ± 0.15 at atmospheric NH3 concentrations below 0.3 μg m–3 (with a corresponding DMA/NH3 ratio of (1.3 ± 0.6) × 10–2), and 0.56 ± 0.19 in the remaining cases. Particulate TMA concentrations, detected as TMAH+, ranged from <2 to 21 ng m–3 and decreased with increasing concentrations of atmospheric NH3. However, TMAH+ was depleted concurrently with the formation of NH4NO3 under low concentrations of atmospheric NH3, contradictory to the calculated increase in the equilibrated concentration of TMAH+ by the E-AIM.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research is supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 41776086), the National Key Research and Development Program in China (grant no. 2016YFC0200504), the Natural Science Foundation of China (grant nos. 41875142, 41905122, 42075100), and the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (grant no. 11302318). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: acid-base neutralization,ammonia,dimethylamine,gas-aerosol partitioning,trimethylamine,chemistry(all),environmental chemistry,sdg 14 - life below water ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 10:31
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2022 06:45
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/86947
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.1c08713

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