Evaluation of a training programme for Pharmacist Independent Prescribers in a care home medicine management intervention

Birt, Linda, Dalgarno, Lindsay, Bond, Christine, Holland, Richard, Alldred, David, Hughes, Carmel, Blyth, Annie, Watts, Laura and Wright, David (2022) Evaluation of a training programme for Pharmacist Independent Prescribers in a care home medicine management intervention. BMC Medical Education, 22. ISSN 1472-6920

[thumbnail of s12909-022-03575-5]
PDF (s12909-022-03575-5) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


Background: The provision of independent prescribing rights for United Kingdom (UK) pharmacists has enabled them to prescribe within their area of competence. The aim of this study was to evaluate an evidence-based training programme designed to prepare Pharmacist Independent Prescribers (PIPs) to safely and effectively assume responsibility for pharmaceutical care of older people in care homes in the UK, within a randomised controlled trial. Methods: The training and competency assessment process included two training days, professional development planning against a bespoke competency framework, mentor support, and a viva with an independent General Practitioner (GP). Data on the PIPs’ perceptions of the training were collected through evaluation forms immediately after the training days and through online questionnaires and interviews after delivery of the 6-month intervention. Using a mixed method approach each data set was analysed separately then triangulated providing a detailed evaluation of the process. Kaufman’s Model of Learning Evaluation guided interpretations. Results: All 25 PIPs who received the training completed an evaluation form (N=25). Post-intervention questionnaires were completed by 16 PIPs and 14 PIPs took part in interviews. PIPs reported the training days and mentorship enabled them to develop a personalised portfolio of competence in preparation for discussion during a viva with an independent GP. Contact with the mentor reduced as PIPs gained confidence in their role. PIPs applied their new learning throughout the delivery of the intervention leading to perceived improvements in residents’ quality of life and medicines management. A few PIPs reported that developing a portfolio of competence was time intensive, and that further training on leadership skills would have been beneficial. Conclusions: The bespoke training programme was fit for purpose. Mentorship and competency assessment were resource intensive but appropriate. An additional benefit was that many PIPs reported professional growth beyond the requirement of the study.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This is a summary of independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) under its Programme Grants for Applied Research Programme (Grant Reference Number RP-PG-0613–20007).
Uncontrolled Keywords: care homes,deprescribing,independent prescribing,medicine management,pharmacist,professional competency,training,education ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3304
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Institute for Volunteering Research
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Norwich Institute for Healthy Aging
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Patient Care
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 09:30
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 15:19
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/86854
DOI: 10.1186/s12909-022-03575-5


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item