Up-regulation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell αV integrin and its extracellular ligands during central nervous system remyelination

Zhao, Chao, Fancy, Stephen P.J., Franklin, Robin J.M. and Ffrench-Constant, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5621-3377 (2009) Up-regulation of oligodendrocyte precursor cell αV integrin and its extracellular ligands during central nervous system remyelination. Journal of Neuroscience Research, 87 (15). pp. 3447-3455. ISSN 0360-4012

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Abstract

To determine the role of extracellular matrix molecules and their integrin ligands in CNS remyelination, we have examined in experimentally induced focal demyelinated lesions the expression of the two classes of integrins implicated in oligodendrocyte development and myelination: α6 laminin-binding integrins and αV integrins that bind a range of extracellular matrix proteins containing the -Arg-Gly-Asp- (RGD) recognition sequence. Only αV integrins were up-regulated during remyelination, being expressed on oligodendrocyte precursor cells during their recruitment into the lesion. Next, therefore, we examined the expression of extracellular matrix ligands for αV integrins and documented increased expression of tenascin-C, tenascin-R, fibronectin, and vitronectin. Taken together with our previous discovery of high levels of expression of another aV ligand, osteopontin, during remyelination in these lesions, our findings suggest that αV integrins make an important contribution to successful repair in the CNS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: extracellular matrix,integrin,multiple sclerosis,remyelination,stem cell,cellular and molecular neuroscience ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2804
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2022 11:30
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2022 04:41
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/86300
DOI: 10.1002/jnr.22231

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