Quiescence and activation of stem and precursor cell populations in the subependymal zone of the mammalian brain are associated with distinct cellular and extracellular matrix signals

Kazanis, Ilias, Lathia, Justin D., Vadakkan, Tegy J., Raborn, Eric, Wan, Ruiqian, Mughal, Mohamed R., Eckley, D. Mark, Sasaki, Takako, Patton, Bruce, Mattson, Mark P., Hirschi, Karen K., Dickinson, Mary E. and Ffrench-Constant, Charles ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5621-3377 (2010) Quiescence and activation of stem and precursor cell populations in the subependymal zone of the mammalian brain are associated with distinct cellular and extracellular matrix signals. Journal of Neuroscience, 30 (29). pp. 9771-9781. ISSN 0270-6474

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

The subependymal zone (SEZ) of the lateral ventricles is one of the areas of the adult brain where new neurons are continuously generated from neural stem cells (NSCs), via rapidly dividing precursors. This neurogenic niche is a complex cellular and extracellular microenvironment, highly vascularized compared to non-neurogenic periventricular areas, within which NSCs and precursors exhibit distinct behavior. Here, we investigate the possible mechanisms by which extracellular matrix molecules and their receptors might regulate this differential behavior. We show that NSCs and precursors proceed through mitosis in the same domains within the SEZ of adult male mice - albeit with NSCs nearer ependymal cells - and that distance from the ventricle is a stronger limiting factor for neurogenic activity than distance from blood vessels. Furthermore, we show that NSCs and precursors are embedded in a laminin-rich extracellular matrix, to which they can both contribute. Importantly, they express differential levels of extracellular matrix receptors, with NSCs expressing low levels of α6β1 integrin, syndecan-1, and lutheran, and in vivo blocking of β1 integrin selectively induced the proliferation and ectopic migration of precursors. Finally, when NSCs are activated to reconstitute the niche after depletion of precursors, expression of laminin receptors is upregulated. These results indicate that the distinct behavior of adult NSCs and precursors is not necessarily regulated via exposure to differential extracellular signals, but rather via intrinsic regulation of their interaction with their microenvironment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: neuroscience(all) ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2022 11:30
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2022 05:39
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/86294
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0700-10.2010

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item