Purification and characterization of the periplasmic nitrate reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha

Berks, Ben C., Richardson, David J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6847-1832, Robinson, Carol, Reilly, Ann, Aplin, Robin T. and Ferguson, Stuart J. (1994) Purification and characterization of the periplasmic nitrate reductase from Thiosphaera pantotropha. European Journal of Biochemistry, 220 (1). pp. 117-124. ISSN 0014-2956

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The periplasmic nitrate reductase of Thiosphaera pantotropha has been purified from a mutant strain (M‐6) that overproduces the enzyme activity under anaerobic growth conditions. The enzyme is a complex of a 93‐kDa polypeptide and a 16‐kDa nitrate‐oxidizable cytochrome c552. The complex contains molybdenum; a fluorescent compound with spectral features of a pterin derivative can be extracted. In contrast to the dissimilatory membrane‐bound nitrate reductases, the periplasmic nitrate reductase shows high specificity for nitrate as a substrate and is insensitive to inhibition by azide. The 93‐kDa subunit exhibits immunological cross‐reactivity with the catalytic subunit of Rhodobacter capsulatus N22DNAR+ periplasmic nitrate reductase. Mass spectrometric comparisons of holo‐cytochrome c552 and apo‐cytochrome c552 demonstrated that the polypeptide bound two haem groups. Mediated redox potentiometry of the cytochrome indicated that the haem groups have reduction potentials (pH = 7.0) of approximately −15 mV and +80 mV. The functional significance of these potentials is discussed in relation to the proposed physiological role of the enzyme as a redox valve.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biochemistry ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1303
Faculty \ School:
Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Organisms and the Environment
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Molecular Microbiology
Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Molecular and Structural Biochemistry
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2022 17:30
Last Modified: 15 May 2023 00:54
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/86151
DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1994.tb18605.x

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