Expanding narratives of governance constraints to improve coral reef conservation

Turner, Rachel A., Forster, Johanna ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6729-9965, Fitzsimmons, Clare and Mahon, Robin (2022) Expanding narratives of governance constraints to improve coral reef conservation. Conservation Biology, 36 (5). ISSN 0888-8892

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To understand and address the failures of reef governance, it is critical to understand the perceptions of diverse policy makers and practitioners about the challenges they face in achieving their goals. Examining the discourse of policy makers and practitioners can reveal the extent to which these perceptions capture the full spectrum of potential governance challenges, including those related to management, institutional structures and processes, the values and principles underpinning governance, and the social and environmental context. We conducted semistructured interviews with 110 policy makers and practitioners across multiple sectors, scales, and contexts in Barbados, St Kitts and Nevis, Belize, and Honduras. We used thematic qualitative analysis informed by theories of interactive governance and governability to examine the challenges perceived by governance actors. Perceived governance challenges were broadly consistent across countries, but differed by sector (V = 0.819, F 6,60 = 1.502, p = 0.01) and by level (community compared with national) (V = 0.194, F 1,10 = 2.178, = 0.026). Management inputs and outputs, challenges relating to the socioeconomic context, issues of leadership and power, and stakeholder engagement were commonly cited challenges (>75%). Few respondents discussed challenges relating to the ecological context, governance processes, or the values and principles underpinning governance. We argue that examining perceptions can inform efforts to improve governance and assess the appropriateness of particular management tools under context-specific governance constraints. Furthermore, expanding the narratives of governance challenges to encompass the subtle values and images underpinning governance, and the scale of the challenges faced, can help identify a wider set of opportunities for change.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research was funded by the European Union 7th Framework program (FP7/2007‐2013) under grant agreement 244161.
Uncontrolled Keywords: caribbean,caribe,environmental governance,gobernabilidad,gobernanza ambiental,gobernanza interactiva,governability,interactive governance,percepciones,perceptions,ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics,ecology,nature and landscape conservation ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2022 10:30
Last Modified: 10 May 2023 00:06
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/85697
DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13933

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