Revisiting the mystery of recent stratospheric temperature trends

Maycock, Amanda C., Randel, William J., Steiner, Andrea K., Karpechko, Alexey Yu, Christy, John, Saunders, Roger, Thompson, David W. J. ORCID:, Zou, Cheng-Zhi, Chrysanthou, Andreas, Abraham, N. Luke, Akiyoshi, Hideharu, Archibald, Alex T., Butchart, Neal, Chipperfield, Martyn, Dameris, Martin, Deushi, Makoto, Dhomse, Sandip, Di Genova, Glauco, Joeckel, Patrick, Kinnison, Douglas E., Kirner, Oliver, Ladstaedter, Florian, Michou, Martine, Morgenstern, Olaf, O'Connor, Fiona, Oman, Luke, Pitari, Giovanni, Plummer, David A., Revell, Laura E., Rozanov, Eugene, Stenke, Andrea, Visioni, Daniele, Yamashita, Yousuke and Zeng, Guang (2018) Revisiting the mystery of recent stratospheric temperature trends. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (18). pp. 9919-9933. ISSN 0094-8276

[thumbnail of Maycock_etal_2018_GeophysicalResearchLetters]
PDF (Maycock_etal_2018_GeophysicalResearchLetters) - Published Version
Available under License Other licence.

Download (2MB) | Preview


Simulated stratospheric temperatures over the period 1979–2016 in models from the Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative are compared with recently updated and extended satellite data sets. The multimodel mean global temperature trends over 1979–2005 are −0.88 ± 0.23, −0.70 ± 0.16, and −0.50 ± 0.12 K/decade for the Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) channels 3 (~40–50 km), 2 (~35–45 km), and 1 (~25–35 km), respectively (with 95% confidence intervals). These are within the uncertainty bounds of the observed temperature trends from two reprocessed SSU data sets. In the lower stratosphere, the multimodel mean trend in global temperature for the Microwave Sounding Unit channel 4 (~13–22 km) is −0.25 ± 0.12 K/decade over 1979–2005, consistent with observed estimates from three versions of this satellite record. The models and an extended satellite data set comprised of SSU with the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A show weaker global stratospheric cooling over 1998–2016 compared to the period of intensive ozone depletion (1979–1997). This is due to the reduction in ozone-induced cooling from the slowdown of ozone trends and the onset of ozone recovery since the late 1990s. In summary, the results show much better consistency between simulated and satellite-observed stratospheric temperature trends than was reported by Thompson et al. (2012, for the previous versions of the SSU record and chemistry-climate models. The improved agreement mainly comes from updates to the satellite records; the range of stratospheric temperature trends over 1979–2005 simulated in Chemistry-Climate Model Initiative models is comparable to the previous generation of chemistry-climate models.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 12 - responsible consumption and production,sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/responsible_consumption_and_production
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Climatic Research Unit
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2022 13:30
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2023 04:31
DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078035


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item