Comparing variability and trends in observed and modelled global-mean surface temperature

Fyfe, John C., Gillett, Nathan P. and Thompson, David W. J. (2010) Comparing variability and trends in observed and modelled global-mean surface temperature. Geophysical Research Letters, 37 (16). ISSN 0094-8276

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Abstract

The observed evolution of the global-mean surface temperature over the twentieth century reflects the combined influences of natural variations and anthropogenic forcing, and it is a primary goal of climate models to represent both. In this study we isolate, compare, and remove the following natural signals in observations and in climate models: dynamically induced atmospheric variability, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, and explosive volcanic eruptions. We make clear the significant model-to-model variability in estimates of the variance in global-mean temperature associated with these natural signals, especially associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and explosive volcanic eruptions. When these natural signals are removed from time series of global-mean temperature, the statistical uncertainty in linear trends from 1950 to 2000 drops on average by about half. Hence, the results make much clearer than before where some model estimates of global warming significantly deviate from observations and where others do not.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 13 - climate action ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/climate_action
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2022 13:30
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 00:26
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/85409
DOI: 10.1029/2010GL044255

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