Facilitating healthcare practitioners to deliver self-management support in adult cancer survivors: a realist review

Kantilal, Kumud, Hardeman, Wendy, Whiteside, Hattie, Karapanagioutou, Eleni, Small, Matthew and Bhattacharya, Debi (2022) Facilitating healthcare practitioners to deliver self-management support in adult cancer survivors: a realist review. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. ISSN 1551-7411

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Abstract

Background: Supporting cancer survivors in self-management can empower them to take an active role in managing the long-term physical and psychosocial consequences of cancer treatment. Healthcare practitioners are key to supporting patients to self-manage, however, they do not routinely engage in these discussions. Objective(s): This review aimed to establish what works for whom and in what circumstances in relation to facilitating healthcare practitioners to provide self-management support in people living with long-term consequences of cancer treatment. Methods: The review follows five steps: define the review's scope, develop initial programme theories, evidence search, selection and appraisal, and data extraction and synthesis. Database searches of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO, ERIC and AMED databases, to September 2019 were supplemented with practitioner surveys. Insights into the mechanisms that operate in particular contexts to produce successful outcomes were illustrated using realist programme theories, developed using the Theoretical Domains Framework. Data selection was based on relevance and rigour. Data were extracted and synthesised iteratively to illuminate causal links between contexts, mechanisms and outcomes. Results: Five programme theories were identified from 20 included articles and seven practitioner surveys: practitioners will engage patients in discussions about self-management if they have appropriate (1) knowledge and (2) consultations skills, (3) a clear understanding of their self-management support role and responsibilities, and if (4) organisational strategies and (5) health system configuration enable integration into routine care. The mechanisms facilitating practitioners to support self-management were practitioner confidence, mutual trust and shared responsibility between practitioners and cancer survivors, organisational prioritisation and ease of delivery of self-management support. Conclusion: The findings articulate the necessary components for embedding self-management support into routine cancer care. Operationalisation of these components into effective self-management support interventions will require reconfiguration of pathways and adaptation for local context, using strategies such as quality improvement and co-design to guide intervention development, implementation and evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Acknowledgements: This work represents research funded by Pharmacy Research UK (PRUK-2018-PA-3-KK). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily represent the views of the funder. KK is partly supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East of England. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 15:02
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2022 06:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/85110
DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2022.05.011

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