Disaster Aid? Mapping historical responses to volcanic eruptions from 1800–2000 in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean: their role in creating vulnerabilities

Barclay, Jenni ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6122-197X, Robertson, Richie, Scarlett, Jazmin P., Pyle, David M. and Armijos, Maria Teresa ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1020-6056 (2022) Disaster Aid? Mapping historical responses to volcanic eruptions from 1800–2000 in the English-speaking Eastern Caribbean: their role in creating vulnerabilities. Disasters, 46 (S1). S10-S50. ISSN 0361-3666

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Abstract

This paper uses volcanic eruptions on the Caribbean islands of Montserrat and Saint Vincent to explore the role that British colonial rule in the past and near past (1800–2000) has played in response to and recovery from hazardous events, and in turn, the influence that the nature of the hazards has on these responses. It shows that systemic vulnerabilities to natural hazards have been created by inadequate aid responses and longer-term chronic problems and demonstrates that hazard impacts are compounded by them. Vulnerabilities could be reduced by analysing integrated hazard impacts to generate mitigative measures across hazards and identify actions that more closely match timescales of political decision-making. Incorporating local knowledge and experience into risk analysis will enable the most effective use of aid resources, ahead of emergencies. Finally, coupling aid for long-term development with emergency response would improve outcomes and adaptation to longer-term vulnerabilities in immediate rebuilding and short-term recovery.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Supplement: ‘Building back better’? Lessons from disaster recovery in the Caribbean. Published in honour of Emeritus Professor David Barker Acknowledgement: This paper has arisen partly from the conversations sparked through the AHRC Disasters Network, particularly the inspiration from Caroline Williams of the University of Bristol We wish to acknowledge the support from the Global Challenges Research Fund grant AH/S00579X/1 and NE/P0175719/1 and ‘Curating Crises’ (AH/W00898X/1). JB was also supported by a Royal Society APEX Award (APX\R1\180094), and JS supported by the University of Hull Department of Geography, Geology and Environment scholarship and the Dudley Stamp Memorial Fund of the Royal Geographical Society with IGB. DMP acknowledges support from the NERC Centre for Observation and Modelling of Earthquakes, Volcanoes and Tectonics (COMET). Two anonymous reviewers are thanked for their helpful comments which led to an improvement in this paper. Data Availability Statement: The data that supports the findings of this study are available in the supplementary material of this article and this contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.
Uncontrolled Keywords: disaster aid,eastern caribbean,hazards,montserrat,recovery,response,saint vincent,volcanic eruptions,social sciences(all),earth and planetary sciences(all),sdg 17 - partnerships for the goals,sdg 10 - reduced inequalities,sdg 11 - sustainable cities and communities ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences

Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 09 May 2022 14:30
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 18:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/84967
DOI: 10.1111/disa.12537

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