Energy and emissions accounting: The case of intra-regional industrial shifts in SE Asia

Pappas, Dimitrios (2019) Energy and emissions accounting: The case of intra-regional industrial shifts in SE Asia. Doctoral thesis, University of East Anglia.

[thumbnail of 2019PappasDPhD.Final.pdf]
Download (14MB) | Preview


The potential relocation of various industrial sectors from China to India and countries of the SE Asian region presents low cost opportunities for manufacturers, but also risks are rising for energy demand and CO2 emissions. A cross-country shift of industrial output presents challenges in accounting, controlling, and defining energy and emissions requirements. This is pronounced for the case of India and SE Asian countries as they experience high economic growth rates, by global standards, and strong coupling between economic growth and energy demand.
This thesis locates the existing emissions accounting gaps of India, which acts as a potential host of the Chinese manufacturing activities. It concludes that significant differences are present in the majority of the industrial sectors studied. Indian emissions intensity is double that of China in the iron and steel and triple for the cement industry. The decomposition of selected CO2 drivers exemplifies the added significance of labour productivity and industrial scale in driving industrial emissions. Fuel mix concentration in industrial activities is found to be a requirement for every potential host country, highlighting an urgency for diversification if production is to be sustainable.
The results demonstrated by this thesis, show that reporting authorities must reach a methodological consensus for increased efficiency in carbon emissions future policy. Carbon emissions are driven by higher carbon fuel mix intensity in the host countries and higher energy intensity in their industrial activities. This thesis effectively concludes that while industrial relocation could further benefit the host countries in financial terms, it would impose considerable threats to their energy supply security and compliance capacity, with the environmental commitments set by the Paris Agreement.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
Depositing User: Nicola Veasy
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 11:36
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2022 11:36


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item