Physical geography trumps legal protection in driving the perceived sustainability of game hunting in Amazonian local communities

Sampaio, Ricardo, Morato, Ronaldo G., Abrahams, Mark I., Peres, Carlos A. ORCID: and Chiarello, Adriano G. (2022) Physical geography trumps legal protection in driving the perceived sustainability of game hunting in Amazonian local communities. Journal for Nature Conservation, 67. ISSN 1617-1381

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A considerable proportion of tropical protected areas are Sustainable Use Reserves (SURs), where socio-biodiversity protection and sustainable resource extraction are the main goals. Subsistence hunting is the most widespread form of subcanopy forest resource extraction, and often depletes game populations within SURs, but the degree to which these extractive activities are sustainable remains questionable. To assess patterns of hunting sustainability within SURs, we systematically examined the local ecological knowledge of 211 resident hunters living in 93 communities located within and immediately outside nine SURs of Brazilian Amazonia. We used mixed models to assess the effects of settlement features (distance to reserve boundaries, size, age, distance to urban centers, and extent of floodplain areas) on local perceptions of game abundance, the prey profile of the most consumed game species, and overall levels of local game depletion. Hunters consistently reported that game populations were less impacted within communal catchment areas containing larger amounts of floodplain habitat and farther from urban centers. In these areas the overall game abundance was perceived to be higher, low-fecundity species were most consumed, and harvest-sensitive species were least depleted. Local SUR communities within this context accrued higher benefits from higher wild-meat availability, but settlement age and size had no effects on hunted species. Evidence-based conservation management plans in tropical protected areas should focus on reducing wild meat demand in urban areas and managing both, the local aquatic animal protein in floodplain areas to relieve pressure on terrestrial game species, and the offtake of game populations at inland sites lacking access to aquatic animal protein.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding: This work was supported by the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP; grant number 2017/08461-8 to RGM), National Geographic Society (grant number WW-122EC-17 to RS), American Society of Mammologists (Latin American Student Field Research Award 2017 to RS), Idea Wild (grant codes ABRABRAZ1213 to MIA; SAMPBRAZ0216 to RS), Programa Áreas Protegidas da Amazônia (ARPA/MMA), School of Environmental Science at UEA (to MIA); a Darwin Initiative for the Survival of Species grant (DEFRA No. 20-001 to CAP); the Explorers Club (to MIA), and; the Rufford Foundation Small Grants (grant number 12231-1 to MIA).
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 15 - life on land ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/life_on_land
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Biology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 09:30
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2023 01:38
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2022.126175

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