Magnetoelastic properties of multiferroic hexagonal ErMnO3

Fernandez-Posada, C. M., Haines, C. R. S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1274-8329, Evans, D. M., Yan, Z., Bourret, E., Meier, D. and Carpenter, M. A. (2022) Magnetoelastic properties of multiferroic hexagonal ErMnO3. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 554. ISSN 0304-8853

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Abstract

The strength and dynamics of magnetoelastic coupling through the paramagnetic (PM) – antiferromagnetic (AFM) – ferrimagnetic (FIM) transitions in multiferroic hexagonal ErMnO 3 have been investigated by Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy. Elastic stiffening by up to 2% below the PM – AFM transition at 80 K arises from biquadratic coupling between strain and the magnetic order parameter with relaxation times longer than ∼ 10 -6 s for the response of spins to changes in strain. In contrast with YMnO 3, the PM – AFM transition in ErMnO 3 is accompanied by a peak in acoustic loss immediately below the Néel point which is interpreted in terms of strain relaxation accompanying ordering of spins of Er 3+ at 4b sites. Changes in the magnetic ordering scheme at the AFM – FIM transition near 3 K are accompanied by elastic softening of ∼ 0.03 %. During poling of the low temperature ferrimagnetic structure round magnetic hysteresis loops, small changes in elastic stiffness which arise due to the contribution of piezomagnetic and/or piezoelectric moduli are detected. Contributions of piezoelectric moduli to acoustic resonance frequencies also permit changes in the configuration of ferroelectric domains to be detected in response both to cycling through this transition and to application of a magnetic field. A peak in acoustic loss in the vicinity of 250 K is attributed to strain-mediated pinning/freezing of some aspect of the domain microstructure with an activation energy of ∼ 0.25–0.3 eV. A return to the original elastic properties on heating to temperatures above ∼ 250 K is interpreted in terms of backswitching of domains to the configuration they had at the start. These observations confirm the existence of subtle variations in magnetoelastic coupling behaviour relating to both the magnetic order parameters and magnetic domain structures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Acknowledgements: This work was funded by EPSRC Grant No. EP/P024904/1. RUS facilities were established through grants from the Natural Environment Research Council (Grants No. NE/B505738/1 and No. NE/F017081/1) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant No. EP/I036079/1) to MAC. DM thanks NTNU for support through the Onsager Fellowship Program, the Outstanding Academic Fellow Program, and acknowledges funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Program (Grant Agreement No. 86691). ZY and EB were supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division under contract no. DE-AC02-05-CH11231 within the Quantum Materials program KC2202.
Uncontrolled Keywords: domain walls,ermno,hexagonal manganite,magnetism,multiferroic,phase transitions,electronic, optical and magnetic materials,condensed matter physics ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2500/2504
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2022 15:30
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 09:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/84244
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmmm.2022.169277

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