Isotopically‐characterised N2O reference materials for use as community standards

Mohn, Joachim, Biasi, Christina, Bodé, Samuel, Boeckx, Pascal, Brewer, Paul J., Eggleston, Sarah, Geilmann, Heike, Guillevic, Myriam, Kaiser, Jan, Kantnerová, Kristýna, Moossen, Heiko, Müller, Joanna, Nakagawa, Mayuko, Pearce, Ruth, Rein, Isabell, Steger, David, Toyoda, Sakae, Wanek, Wolfgang, Wexler, Sarah K., Yoshida, Naohiro and Yu, Longfei (2022) Isotopically‐characterised N2O reference materials for use as community standards. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 36 (13). ISSN 0951-4198

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Abstract

Rationale: Information on the isotopic composition of nitrous oxide (N2O) at natural abundance supports the identification of its source and sink processes. In recent years, a number of mass spectrometric and laser spectroscopic techniques have been developed and are increasingly used by the research community. Advances in this active research area, however, critically depend on the availability of suitable N2O isotope Reference Materials (RMs). Methods: Within the project Metrology for Stable Isotope Reference Standards (SIRS), seven pure N2O isotope RMs have been developed and their 15N/14N, 18O/16O, 17O/16O ratios and 15N site preference (SP) have been analysed by specialised laboratories against isotope reference materials. A particular focus was on the 15N site-specific isotopic composition, as this measurand is both highly diagnostic for source appointment and challenging to analyse and link to existing scales. Results: The established N2O isotope RMs offer a wide spread in delta (δ) values: δ15N: 0 to +104 ‰, δ18O: +39 to +155 ‰, and δ15NSP: −4 to +20 ‰. Conversion and uncertainty propagation of δ15N and δ18O to the Air-N2 and VSMOW scales, respectively, provides robust estimates for δ15N(N2O) and δ18O(N2O), with overall uncertainties of about 0.05 ‰ and 0.15 ‰, respectively. For δ15NSP, an offset of > 1.5 ‰ compared to earlier calibration approaches was detected, which should be revisited in future. Conclusions: A set of seven N2O isotope RMs anchored to the international isotope-ratio scales was developed that will promote the implementation of the recommended two-point calibration approach. Particularly, the availability of δ17O data for N2O RMs is expected to improve data quality/correction algorithms with respect to δ15NSP and δ15N analysis by mass spectrometry. We anticipate that the N2O isotope RMs will enhance compatibility between laboratories and accelerate research progress in this emerging field.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Research Funding: EMPIR program co-financed by the Participating States and from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program. Grant Number: 16ENV06 Metrology for Stable Isotope Reference Standards (SIRS); H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions. Grant Number: EMPAPOSTDOCS-II; 754364; Japanese Swiss Science and Technology Program (JSPS International Fellowship for Research in Japan). Grant Number: GR18108; Swiss National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: 200021_163075, 200021_166255
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2022 16:30
Last Modified: 25 May 2022 11:34
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/84136
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.9296

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