Cerebral blood flow response to simulated hypovolemia in essential hypertension a magnetic resonance imaging study

Neumann, Sandra, Burchell, Amy E., Rodrigues, Jonathan C. L., Lawton, Christopher B., Burden, Daniel, Underhill, Melissa, Kobetić, Matthew D., Adams, Zoe H., Brooks, Jonathan C. W., Nightingale, Angus K., Paton, Julian F. R., Hamilton, Mark C. K. and Hart, Emma C. (2019) Cerebral blood flow response to simulated hypovolemia in essential hypertension a magnetic resonance imaging study. Hypertension, 74 (6). pp. 1391-1398. ISSN 0194-911X

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Abstract

Hypertension is associated with raised cerebral vascular resistance and cerebrovascular remodeling. It is currently unclear whether the cerebral circulation can maintain cerebral blood flow (CBF) during reductions in cardiac output (CO) in hypertensive patients thereby avoiding hypoperfusion of the brain. We hypothesized that hypertension would impair the ability to effectively regulate CBF during simulated hypovolemia. In the present study, 39 participants (13 normotensive, 13 controlled, and 13 uncontrolled hypertensives; mean age±SD, 55±10 years) underwent lower body negative pressure (LBNP) at -20, -40, and -50 mmHg to decrease central blood volume. Phase-contrast MR angiography was used to measure flow in the basilar and internal carotid arteries, as well as the ascending aorta. CBF and CO decreased during LBNP (P<0.0001). Heart rate increased during LBNP, reaching significance at -50 mmHg (P<0.0001). There was no change in mean arterial pressure during LBNP (P=0.3). All participants showed similar reductions in CBF (P=0.3, between groups) and CO (P=0.7, between groups) during LBNP. There was no difference in resting CBF between the groups (P=0.36). In summary, during reductions in CO induced by hypovolemic stress, mean arterial pressure is maintained but CBF declines indicating that CBF is dependent on CO in middle-aged normotensive and hypertensive volunteers. Hypertension is not associated with impairments in the CBF response to reduced CO.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The online-only Data Supplement is available with this article at https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/suppl/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13229. Funding Information: This study was supported by the Wellcome Trust and the Bristol National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, NIHR, or the Department of Health and Social Care.
Uncontrolled Keywords: brain blood flow,cerebral blood flow,hypertension,lbnp,lower body negative pressure,internal medicine ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2724
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2022 14:30
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2022 12:44
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/83405
DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13229

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