Farm parent and youth aspirations on the generational succession of farming: Evidence from South India

Nandi, Ravi, Pratheepa, C. M., Nedumaran, Swamikannu, Rao, Nitya and Rengalakshmi, Raj (2022) Farm parent and youth aspirations on the generational succession of farming: Evidence from South India. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 5. ISSN 2571-581X

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Abstract

Agriculture remains vital in ensuring the food security of developing economies like India, yet increasing rural-urban migration, an aging farm population, and waning interest of rural youth in agriculture are emerging concerns. This paper focuses on the aspirations of farm parents and their children in agriculture, the challenges they confront, and potential solutions. We draw on qualitative data from two rural sites in Southern India, different from each other in their agro-ecological and social contexts, to point to the material, social, relational, and structural factors shaping aspirations. First, agrarian distress, resulting from climate variability and market uncertainty, affects farm households' socioeconomic status, resulting in farmers' aspiration failure in agriculture. Farm parents then focus on educating their children, aspiring for secure non-farm jobs for their sons, and finding suitable marriage partners, also in non-farm employment, for their daughters. While this steer from parents discourages youth from aspiring to careers in agriculture, in reality, there is a wide gap in the achievement of aspirations, and a majority of youth, especially young women, do end up working on their family farms. For the future development of agriculture and sustainable food systems, it is essential to protect young farmers from aspiration failures and innovate through appropriate policies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsufs.2021.804581/full#supplementary-material. Funding Information: This work is undertaken as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land, and Ecosystems (WLE) led by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals (GLDC) led by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai. Funding support for this study is provided by Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF) under Funding Body Grant Ref: BB/P027970/1, Lead Party Ref: RG88282 as part of the Transforming India’s Green Revolution by Research and Empowerment for Sustainable food Supplies (TIGR2ESS) project under Flagship 1—Sustainable and Transformative Agrarian and Rural Trajectories (START) (https://tigr2ess.globalfood.cam.ac. uk/fps/FP1).
Uncontrolled Keywords: agriculture,rural youth,aspirations,gender,india,agriculture,rural youth,aspirations,horticulture,food science,agronomy and crop science,management, monitoring, policy and law,global and planetary change,ecology,sdg 2 - zero hunger ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1108
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2022 12:30
Last Modified: 11 May 2022 00:43
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/83286
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2021.804581

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