Violence and local development in Fortaleza, Brazil: A spatial regression analysis

de Oliveira Silva, Victor Hugo, de Medeiros, Cleyber Nascimento and Carvalho, José Raimundo (2019) Violence and local development in Fortaleza, Brazil: A spatial regression analysis. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 12. 147–166. ISSN 1874-463X

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Abstract

Fortaleza is the fifth largest city of Brazil, and has become the most violent state capital in the last years. In this paper, we investigate whether violent crime rates are associated with the local development of the city. Using an unexplored data source about georeferenced murders and deaths due to bodily injury and theft, we show that violent crime rates exhibit a positive spatial dependence across clusters of census tracts. In other words, small urban areas with high (low) violent crime rates have neighbors, on average, with similar pattern of violent crime rates. Investigating the relationship between violent crime rates and variables associated with local development, spatial regressions suggest that high violent crime rates are related with low-income neighborhood, with high spatial isolation of poor households, low access to urban infrastructure, and high prevalence of illiterate adolescents and young black males. The study also provides important evidence about spillover effects that helps to understand how the absence of local development can expose neighbors to violence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 16 - peace, justice and strong institutions ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/peace_justice_and_strong_institutions
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2022 13:30
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2022 09:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/83158
DOI: 10.1007/s12061-017-9236-4

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