COVID-related hospitalization, intensive care treatment, and all-cause mortality in patients with psychosis and treated with clozapine

Govind, Risha, de Freitas, Daniela Fonseca, Pritchard, Megan, Khondoker, Mizanur, Teo, James T., Stewart, Robert, Hayes, Richard D. and MacCabe, James H. (2022) COVID-related hospitalization, intensive care treatment, and all-cause mortality in patients with psychosis and treated with clozapine. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 56. pp. 92-99. ISSN 0924-977X

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Abstract

Clozapine, an antipsychotic, is associated with increased susceptibility to infection with COVID-19, compared to other antipsychotics. Here, we investigate associations between clozapine treatment and increased risk of adverse outcomes of COVID-19, namely COVID-related hospitalisation, intensive care treatment, and death, amongst patients taking antipsychotics with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Using the clinical records of South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, we identified 157 individuals who had an ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, were taking antipsychotics (clozapine or other antipsychotics) at the time of COVID-19 pandemic in the UK and had a laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection. The following health outcomes were measured: COVID-related hospitalisation, COVID-related intensive care treatment and death. We tested associations between clozapine treatment and each outcome using logistic regression models, adjusting for gender, age, ethnicity, neighbourhood deprivation, obesity, smoking status, diabetes, asthma, bronchitis and hypertension using propensity scores. Of the 157 individuals who developed COVID-19 while on antipsychotics (clozapine or other antipsychotics), there were 28% COVID-related hospitalisations, 8% COVID-related intensive care treatments and 8% deaths of any cause during the 28 days follow-up period. amongst those taking clozapine, there were 25% COVID-related hospitalisations, 7% COVID-related intensive care treatments and 7% deaths. In both unadjusted and adjusted analyses, we found no significant association between clozapine and any of the outcomes. Thus, we found no evidence that patients with clozapine treatment at time of COVID-19 infection had increased risk of hospitalisation, intensive care treatment or death, compared to non-clozapine antipsychotic-treated patients. However, further research should be considered in larger samples to confirm this.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antipsychotic agents,clozapine,covid-19,sars-cov-2,schizophrenia,clinical neurology,neurology,psychiatry and mental health,pharmacology (medical),biological psychiatry,pharmacology,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2728
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2022 01:17
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 09:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/83135
DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2022.01.007

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