Words of agency: Executed and observed vocal actions induce a temporal binding effect

Pascolini, Luca, Stephenson, Lisa, Bayliss, Andrew and Wyer, Natalie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8169-976X (2021) Words of agency: Executed and observed vocal actions induce a temporal binding effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 47 (12). 1717–1730. ISSN 0096-1523

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Abstract

Humans generally experience a sense of agency over the outcomes produced by their motor actions. This has been well established in the case of manual actions that directly affect the physical environment. Vocalizations are also actions, but they typically have only indirect effects on the environment. In the present research, we explore whether the outcomes produced by vocalizations also elicit a sense of agency. In three experiments, using an interval reproduction task, we find that performing a vocal action that produced an auditory outcome caused participants to underestimate the amount of elapsed time between actions and outcomes (i.e., temporal binding), an implicit index of the sense of agency (Experiment 1). We also show that observing others produce vocal actions elicits temporal binding, but only when the observer has direct visual access to the vocal action being executed (Experiments 2 and 3). Taken together, our findings suggest that direct observation of an action is necessary to experience a temporal binding effect for actions performed by others, and that audio-visuomotor information may play a role in the generation of temporal compression experienced over observed actions

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: The research was supported by University of East Anglia Studentships to Luca Pascolini and Lisa J. Stephenson and by a Leverhulme Trust Project RPG-2016-173 to Andrew P. Bayliss. The authors obtained permission to reproduce or adapt any copyrighted material from other sources. We thank S. Gareth Edwards for critical insights during early stages of this research. Raw data and experimental stimuli used in this study has been made public to comply with good open science procedure. All files can be accessed at https://osf.io/jp57r/. This study was not preregistered. Luca Pascolini, Andrew P. Bayliss, and Natalie A. Wyer conceived the study. All authors designed the experiments. Luca Pascolini created the materials, collected and analyzed the data. Luca Pascolini, Andrew P. Bayliss, and Natalie A. Wyer interpreted the data. Luca Pascolini drafted the article. All authors provided critical revisions and approved the final version of the article for submission. Publisher Copyright: © 2021. American Psychological Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: action perception,sense of agency,speech,temporal binding,experimental and cognitive psychology,arts and humanities (miscellaneous),behavioral neuroscience ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2021 07:30
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 03:25
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82686
DOI: 10.1037/xhp0000967

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