Give and take? Knowledge exchange between older and younger employees as a function of generativity and development striving

Fasbender, Ulrike, Gerpott, Fabiola H. and Unger, Dana (2021) Give and take? Knowledge exchange between older and younger employees as a function of generativity and development striving. Journal of Knowledge Management, 25 (10). pp. 2420-2443. ISSN 1367-3270

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Abstract

Purpose Knowledge exchange between older and younger employees enhances the collective memory of an organization and therefore contributes to its business success. The purpose of this paper is to take a motivational perspective to better understand why older and younger employees share and receive knowledge with and from each other. Specifically, this study focuses on generativity striving – the motivation to teach, train and guide others – as well as development striving – the motivation to grow, increase competence and master something new – and argues that both motives need to be considered to fully understand intergenerational knowledge exchange. Design/methodology/approach This paper takes a dyadic approach to disentangle how older employees’ knowledge sharing is linked to their younger colleagues’ knowledge receiving and vice versa. The study applied an actor-partner interdependence model based on survey data from 145 age-diverse coworker dyads to test the hypotheses. Findings Results showed that older and younger employees’ generativity striving affected their knowledge sharing, which, in turn, predicted their colleagues’ knowledge receiving. Moreover, the study found that younger employees were more likely to receive knowledge that their older colleagues shared with them when they scored higher (vs lower) on development striving. Originality/value By studying the age-specific dyadic cross-over between knowledge sharing and knowledge receiving, this research adds to the knowledge exchange literature. This study challenges the current age-blind view on knowledge exchange motivation and provides novel insights into the interplay of motivational forces involved in knowledge exchange between older and younger employees.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2021 15:30
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2021 00:54
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82614
DOI: 10.1108/JKM-11-2020-0856

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