A novel and practical screening tool for the detection of silent myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes

Swoboda, Peter P., McDiarmid, Adam K., Erhayiem, Bara, Haaf, Philip, Kidambi, Ananth, Fent, Graham J., Dobson, Laura E., Musa, Tarique A., Garg, Pankaj ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5483-169X, Law, Graham R., Kearney, Mark T., Barth, Julian H., Ajjan, Ramzi, Greenwood, John P. and Plein, Sven (2016) A novel and practical screening tool for the detection of silent myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 101 (9). pp. 3316-3323. ISSN 0021-972X

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Objective: Silent myocardial infarction (MI) is a prevalent finding in patients with type 2 diabetes and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is the most validated technique for detection of silent MI, but is time-consuming, costly, and requires administration of intravenous contrast. We therefore planned to develop a simple and low-cost population screening tool to identify those at highest risk of silent MI validated against the CMR reference standard. Methods: A total of 100 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes underwent electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, biomarker assessment, and CMR at 3.0T including assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction and LGE. Global longitudinal strain from two- and four-chamber cines was measured using feature tracking. Results: A total of 17/100 patients with no history of cardiovascular disease had silent MI defined by LGE in an infarct pattern on CMR. Only four patients with silent MI had Q waves on ECG. Patients with silent MI were older (65 vs 60, P = .05), had lower E/A ratio (0.75 vs 0.89, P = .004), lower GLS (–15.2% vs –17.7%, P = .004), and higher amino-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (106 ng/L vs 52 ng/L, P = .003). A combined risk score derived from these four factors had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.823 (0.734–0.892), P < .0001. A score of more than 3/5 had 82% sensitivity and 72% specificity for silent MI. Conclusions: Using measures that can be derived in an outpatient clinic setting, we have developed a novel screening tool for the detection of silent MI in type 2 diabetes. The screening tool had significantly superior diagnostic accuracy than current ECG criteria for the detection of silent MI in asymptomatic patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Metabolic Health
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2021 01:40
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 03:11
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/82367
DOI: 10.1210/jc.2016-1318


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