Djiboutian Sovereignty:Worlding global security networks

Mason, Ra and Cobbett, Elizabeth (2021) Djiboutian Sovereignty:Worlding global security networks. International Affairs, 97 (6). pp. 1767-1784. ISSN 0020-5850

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Drawing on the case of Djibouti, the research problem this article addresses is whether the unique confluence of overseas security forces in a single territorial space through the leasing of land for foreign military bases compromises the state’s sovereignty. Djibouti now hosts more extracontinental foreign military bases and multilateral forces than any other state in Africa, including troops from Japan, China, the United States, France, Italy, Spain, Germany and (prospectively) India. Perceived as a fragile African state, Djibouti is reportedly compelled to collect revenue from leasing land for military bases to foreign powers. Situated on the Bab al-Mandab Strait, a narrow shipping corridor through which oil and goods pass between Europe, Africa, Asia and the Gulf, Djibouti is restricted to developing geo-economic goals because it has a harsh climate where natural resources are limited, and only a tiny proportion of its land area (23,180 square kilometres) is cultivable. As a result, the state described as ‘the eagle’s nest’ in the Horn of Africa, in reference to America’s military strategic deployment there, must use its only resource—its strategically situated land—to generate income. However, this runs a further risk of creating a congested sovereign territory, undermining the country’s power, and hollowing out its significance as a sovereign state as it makes the most of its geostrategic location by renting territorial space to foreign powers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: djibouti,worlding,sovereignty,international security,japan,china,africa
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Political, Social and International Studies
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2021 08:27
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 01:58
DOI: 10.1093/ia/iiab181

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