Sustainable-use protected areas catalyze enhanced livelihoods in rural Amazonia

Campos-Silva, João V., Peres, Carlos A. ORCID:, Hawes, Joseph E., Haugaasen, Torbjørn, Freitas, Carolina T., Ladle, Richard J. and Lopes, Priscila F. M. (2021) Sustainable-use protected areas catalyze enhanced livelihoods in rural Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 118 (40). ISSN 0027-8424

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Finding new pathways for reconciling socioeconomic well-being and nature sustainability is critically important for contemporary societies, especially in tropical developing countries where sustaining local livelihoods often clashes with biodiversity conservation. Many projects aimed at reconciling the goals of biodiversity conservation and social aspirations within protected areas (PAs) have failed on one or both counts. Here, we investigate the social consequences of living either inside or outside sustainable-use PAs in the Brazilian Amazon, using data from more than 100 local communities along a 2,000-km section of a major Amazonian river. The PAs in this region are now widely viewed as conservation triumphs, having implemented community comanagement of fisheries and recovery of overexploited wildlife populations. We document clear differences in social welfare in communities inside and outside PAs. Specifically, communities inside PAs enjoy better access to health care, education, electricity, basic sanitation, and communication infrastructure. Moreover, living within a PA was the strongest predictor of household wealth, followed by cash-transfer programs and the number of people per household. These collective cobenefits clearly influence life satisfaction, with only 5% of all adult residents inside PAs aspiring to move to urban centers, compared with 58% of adults in unprotected areas. Our results clearly demonstrate that large-scale “win–win” conservation solutions are possible in tropical countries with limited financial and human resources and reinforce the need to genuinely empower local people in integrated conservation-development programs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. This study was funded by a Darwin Initiative for the Survival of Species grant (Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, UK; Ref. 20-001) awarded to C.A.P. and a CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfei-çoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) PhD scholarship (Ref. 1144985) and CAPES postdoctoral grant (Ref. 1666302) to J.V.C.-S. J.V.C.-S. and J.E.H. acknowledge their postdoctoral positions funded by the Research Council of Norway (Grants 295650 and 288086, respectively), the former funded via the Belmont Forum and BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals, under the BiodivScen ERA-Net COFUND programme, and with the funding organizations the French National Research Agency, the São Paulo Research Foundation, the NSF, the Research Council of Norway, and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Funding support is also acknowledged from the Mulago Foundation and Rolex Award for Enterprise to J.V.C-S and a Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development productivity grant (301515/2019-0) to P.F.M.L. We thank the Secretaria do Estado do Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Sustentável do Amazonas (SEMA, DEMUC) and the Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renováveis/ICMBio for authorizing the research. We are grateful to Associação dos Produtores Rurais de Carauari, Associação dos Moradores da Reserve do Uacari, all local communities in the Médio Juruá region, and all interviewees for their participation. This publication is part of the Instituto Juruá technical series (
Uncontrolled Keywords: community-based conservation,conservation bright spots,rural economics,sustainable development,tropical forest,general,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia Research Groups/Centres > Theme - ClimateUEA
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Biology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2021 08:26
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2023 14:51
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2105480118

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