The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in the identification of ADHD in children

Holmes, Joni ORCID:, Gathercole, Susan E., Place, Maurice, Alloway, Tracy P., Elliott, Julian G. and Hilton, Kerry A. (2010) The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in the identification of ADHD in children. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 15 (1). pp. 37-43. ISSN 1475-357X

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Background: Deficits in executive functions have been widely reported to characterise individuals with ADHD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of a range of executive function measures for identifying children with ADHD. Method: Eighty-three children with ADHD and 50 normally-developing children without ADHD were assessed on measures of inhibition, set-shifting, planning, problem-solving, response inhibition, sustained attention and working memory. Measures of sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios and diagnostic odds ratios were calculated. Results: Executive function tasks effectively discriminated between children with and without ADHD. Measures of response inhibition and working memory contributed the most to the discriminant function. Conclusions: Cognitive measures of executive function can be used to help identify children with ADHD and could be useful as additional diagnostic tools for clinical practitioners.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Developmental Science
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 03:30
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2024 15:43
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-3588.2009.00536.x

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