Content-specificity in verbal recall: A randomized controlled study

Zirk-Sadowski, Jan, Szucs, Denes and Holmes, Joni ORCID: (2013) Content-specificity in verbal recall: A randomized controlled study. PLoS One, 8 (11). ISSN 1932-6203

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In this controlled experiment we examined whether there are content effects in verbal short-term memory and working memory for verbal stimuli. Thirty-seven participants completed forward and backward digit and letter recall tasks, which were constructed to control for distance effects between stimuli. A maximum-likelihood mixed-effects logistic regression revealed main effects of direction of recall (forward vs backward) and content (digits vs letters). There was an interaction between type of recall and content, in which the recall of digits was superior to the recall of letters in verbal short-term memory but not in verbal working memory. These results demonstrate that the recall of information from verbal short-term memory is content-specific, whilst the recall of information from verbal working memory is content-general.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 03:30
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 03:09
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079528

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