Transcranial random noise stimulation does not enhance the effects of working memory training

Holmes, J., Byrne, E.M., Gathercole, S.E. and Ewbank, M.P. (2016) Transcranial random noise stimulation does not enhance the effects of working memory training. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28 (10). 1471–1483. ISSN 0898-929X

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Abstract

Transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), a noninvasive brain stimulation technique, enhances the generalization and sustainability of gains following mathematical training. Here it is combined for the first time with working memory training in a double-blind randomized controlled trial. Adults completed 10 sessions of Cogmed Working Memory Training with either active tRNS or sham stimulation applied bilaterally to dorsolateral pFC. Training was associated with gains on both the training tasks and on untrained tests of working memory that shared overlapping processes with the training tasks, but not with improvements on working memory tasks with distinct processing demands or tests of other cognitive abilities (e.g., IQ, maths). There was no evidence that tRNS increased the magnitude or transfer of these gains. Thus, combining tRNS with Cogmed Working Memory Training provides no additional therapeutic value.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2021 03:29
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2021 02:23
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/81800
DOI: 10.1162/jocn_a_00993

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