Forming beliefs: Why valence matters

Sharot, Tali and Garrett, Neil ORCID: (2016) Forming beliefs: Why valence matters. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20 (1). pp. 25-33. ISSN 1364-6613

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One of the most salient attributes of information is valence: whether a piece of news is good or bad. Contrary to classic learning theories, which implicitly assume beliefs are adjusted similarly regardless of valence, we review evidence suggesting that different rules and mechanisms underlie learning from desirable and undesirable information. For self-relevant beliefs this asymmetry generates a positive bias, with significant implications for individuals and society. We discuss the boundaries of this asymmetry, characterize the neural system supporting it, and describe how changes in this circuit are related to individual differences in behavior.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Social Cognition Research Group
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2021 01:33
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2023 15:30
DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.11.002

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