The influence of social and emotional context on the gaze leading orienting effect

Edwards, S. Gareth, Rudrum, Megan, McDonough, Katrina L. ORCID: and Bayliss, Andrew P. ORCID: (2022) The influence of social and emotional context on the gaze leading orienting effect. Visual Cognition, 30 (1-2). pp. 54-69. ISSN 1350-6285

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We spontaneously orient our attention towards people whose gaze we have led (the “gaze leading” effect). Here, we investigated whether this orienting effect is sensitive to the social and emotional content of the stimuli within the interactions. Experiment 1 replicated the gaze leading effect but found no reliable influence of facial dominance or object valence. Experiment 2, where only object valence was manipulated, replicated Experiment 1. Thus, the gaze leading effect appears reliable but insensitive to the properties of the shared referent object. Experiment 3 varied only facial dominance; a marginally significant interaction indicated that attention was deployed towards high-dominant faces more than low-dominant gaze followers. Experiment 4 varied the social information relating to the social status that participants hold regarding the faces with which they interacted, but statistical support for an influence of biographical information on gaze leading was weak. Overall, the gaze leading effect appears generally reliable, and may vary when information about the individuals following our gaze is manipulated, though it is not yet fully clear which socio-evaluative features are most relevant. Future investigations may therefore require more powerful or sensitive designs to better evaluate the role of socioemotional factors and processes on this social orienting effect.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding: This work was supported by The Leverhulme Trust Project Grant RPG-2016-173.
Uncontrolled Keywords: shared attention,emotion,face perception,gaze perception,social cognition,experimental and cognitive psychology,arts and humanities (miscellaneous),cognitive neuroscience,2*,bayliss ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Social Cognition Research Group
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2021 00:23
Last Modified: 01 May 2024 09:30
DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2021.1980169


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