Reading for Meaning: What Influences Paragraph Understanding in Aphasia?

Webster, Janet, Morris, Julie, Howard, David and Garraffa, Maria (2018) Reading for Meaning: What Influences Paragraph Understanding in Aphasia? American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 27. pp. 423-437. ISSN 1058-0360

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Abstract

Purpose: The current study investigated the effect of text variables including length, readability, propositional content, and type of information on the reading comprehension of people with aphasia.Method: The performance of 75 people with aphasia was compared with 87 healthy, age-matched control participants. Reading comprehension was considered in terms of both accuracy in responding to questions tapping comprehension and reading time. Participants with aphasia (PWA) were divided into 2 groups (no reading impairment [PWA:NRI] and reading impairment [PWA:RI]) depending on whether their performance fell within the 5th percentile of control participants.Results: As groups, both PWA:NRI and PWA:RI differed significantly from control participants in terms of reading time and comprehension accuracy. PWA:NRI andPWA:RI differed from each other in terms of accuracy but not reading time. There was no significant effect of readability or propositional density on comprehensionaccuracy or reading time for any of the groups. There was a significant effect of length on reading time but not on comprehension accuracy. All groups found main ideas easier than details, stated information easier than inferred, and had particular difficulty with questions that required integration of information across paragraphs(gist).Conclusions: Both accuracy of comprehension and reading speed need to be considered when characterizing reading difficulties in people with aphasia.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2021 00:08
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2021 01:23
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/80939
DOI: 10.1044/2017_AJSLP-16-0213

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