Waiting for the Call to Prayer:Exploitation, Accumulation and Social Reproduction in Rural Java

Pattenden, Jonathan and Wastuti, Mia (2021) Waiting for the Call to Prayer:Exploitation, Accumulation and Social Reproduction in Rural Java. The Journal of Peasant Studies. ISSN 0306-6150 (In Press)

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Abstract

This article analyses processes of exploitation, accumulation and social reproduction in rural Java through fieldwork in two villages – one primarily agrarian and the other predominantly non-agrarian. In doing so it underlines the ways in which pluri-active labouring class households contribute to processes of accumulation through a variety of forms of petty self-employment and precarious informal wage-labour. One key mechanism of exploitation is highlighted in each village. In the largely non-agrarian village, female homework is highlighted. This was its most common form of wage-labour, interwoven seamlessly with reproductive labour. In the primarily agrarian village, sharecropping, a form of disguised wage-labour, was the primary mechanism of exploitation. In this village there were no capitalist paddy farmers, and agrarian accumulation was dominated by traders and absentee capitalist landowners. A third mechanism of exploitation - usurious moneylending - is discussed in relation to both villages. Accumulation in the villages is mapped, and attention is paid to how forms of exploitation are located in intra-capitalist relations, particularly the relationship of petty capitalism to capital-in-general. The article briefly discusses the potential for labouring class collective action given the villages’ relatively flat social structures with over 80 per cent of the population occupying a similar socio-economic position.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2021 00:08
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 00:05
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/80728
DOI: 10.1080/03066150.2021.1970540

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