Aquatic contaminants in Solomon Islands and Vanuatu: Evidence from passive samplers and Microtox toxicity assessment

Smith, A. J., Barber, J., Davis, S., Jones, C., Kotra, K. K., Losada, S., Lyons, B. P., Mataki, M., Potter, K. D. and Devlin, M. J. (2021) Aquatic contaminants in Solomon Islands and Vanuatu: Evidence from passive samplers and Microtox toxicity assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 165. ISSN 0025-326X

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Abstract

Water Quality issues in many Pacific countries are rising, with the increase in coastal populations and associated urban runoff but management requires contamination issues in the aquatic environment to be identified and prioritised. In Vanuatu and Solomon Islands there are few laboratories and resources to assess for the presence or impact of complex chemical contaminants. The extent and impact of chemical contamination of the marine and coastal environment is poorly described. Passive chemical samplers were used to measure a range of aquatic pollutants around the capital cities, Honiara (Solomon Islands) and Port Vila (Vanuatu). We detected a range of chemicals indicative of agricultural and industrial contamination and a few sites had concerning concentrations of specific hydrocarbons and pesticides. The rapid ecotoxicology test, Microtox, indicated toxic impacts in rivers, coastal sites and urban drains This work provides new data on chemical contamination and possible impacts of that contamination for both countries. The techniques could be applied widely across the region to generate critical data for environmental management, guide monitoring efforts and measure the impact of policy or land-use changes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: contaminants,ecotoxicology,passive samplers,solomon islands,south pacific,vanuatu,oceanography,aquatic science,pollution ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1900/1910
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2021 00:12
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2021 00:22
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/80620
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112118

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