Physical activity and depression symptom profiles in young men and women with major depression

McKercher, Charlotte, Patton, George C., Schmidt, Michael D., Venn, Alison J., Dwyer, Terence and Sanderson, Kristy (2013) Physical activity and depression symptom profiles in young men and women with major depression. Psychosomatic Medicine, 75 (4). pp. 366-374. ISSN 0033-3174

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study explored whether young adults with major depression who are physically active differ in their depression symptom profile from those physically inactive.  METHODS: Analyses included data from 950 (47.6%) men and 1045 women (mean [standard deviation] age = 31.5 [2.6] years) participating in a national study. Participants reported leisure physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and ambulatory activity (pedometer steps per day). Diagnosis and symptoms of major depression were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview.  RESULTS: Prevalence of major depression was 5.5% (n = 52) for men and 11.6% (n = 121) for women. Interactions between physical activity and sex were observed for depressed mood, appetite changes, vacillating thoughts, and suicidality (all, p < .050). Among those with major depression, physically active men were significantly less likely to endorse the presence of insomnia (prevalence ratio [PR] = 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.63-0.96), fatigue (PR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.69-0.99), and suicidality (PR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.49-0.96) compared with inactive men. Physically active women were significantly less likely to endorse hypersomnia (PR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.27-0.95), excessive/irrational guilt (PR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.59-0.97), vacillating thoughts (PR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.58-0.95), and suicidality (PR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.20-0.89) compared with inactive women. Associations were adjusted for age, physical health, educational attainment, depression severity, and other depressive symptoms.  CONCLUSIONS: Among adults with major depression, those physically active seem to differ in their depression symptom profile from those physically inactive.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: depression,depressive symptoms,physical activity,population based,applied psychology,psychiatry and mental health,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3202
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
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Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2021 00:18
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2021 16:39
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/80570
DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e31828c4d53

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