Anchor-based goals and personality effects on hazard identification in risk assessment

Fleming, Piers and England, Harry (2020) Anchor-based goals and personality effects on hazard identification in risk assessment. Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response, 10 (3). pp. 113-118. ISSN 2210-8491

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Hazard identification is a crucial first step in risk assessment. There are many cases in which hazard identification is carried out by non-experts. One concern is that valid hazards are overlooked and so not considered for mitigation or prevention. This study examined whether a goal-setting anchor could encourage the identification of more hazards and so reduce the likelihood that they are overlooked. Seventy-two participants were recruited to an online study to identify hazards in four vignettes. The participants were randomly allocated to a high or low anchor condition in which they were told that experts typically identify at least two or at least eight hazards. Participants also completed a five-factor personality measure. It was found that, compared to the low anchor, the high anchor increased word count, time on task and number of hazards identified. The effect of the anchor on hazards identified was robust even taking into account personality, time on task and word count. Conscientiousness was also associated with identifying more hazards. Overall, the use of anchors to set goals for hazard identification offers a low-cost intervention to improve risk assessment for non-experts.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available Online 2 November 2020.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Cognition, Action and Perception
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Social Cognition Research Group
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Sciences
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2021 23:47
Last Modified: 25 May 2023 01:24
DOI: 10.2991/jracr.k.201014.001


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