AMR and Covid-19 on the frontline: A call to rethink war, WASH, and public health

Zeitoun, Mark, Sittah, Ghassan Abu, Shomar, Reem and El Ach, Nassim (2021) AMR and Covid-19 on the frontline: A call to rethink war, WASH, and public health. Annals of Global Health, 87 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2214-9996

[thumbnail of Published_Version]
PDF (Published_Version) - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview


This Viewpoint calls for a greater understanding of the role that water plays in the transmission of anti-microbial resistance and covid-19 in protracted urban armed conflict, in order to develop a ‘pathogen-safe’ practice. It argues that dealing with the twin threats is difficult enough in the best of circumstances, and is so little understood in war zones that surgeons and water engineers now question if their practice does more harm than good. Experience suggests that the known transmission routes are complicated by a great number of factors, including the entry of heavy metals through bullets in patients’ wounds, hospital over-crowding, mutation in treated water or wastewater, and other threats which endure long after the bombing has stopped. The skeleton research agenda proposes greater sewage surveillance, testing of phages and monitoring of treatment designed to dispel or substantiate these assertions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being,sdg 16 - peace, justice and strong institutions ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Global Development (formerly School of International Development)
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Water Security Research Centre
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Climate Change
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Global Environmental Justice
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2021 00:41
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2024 02:37
DOI: 10.5334/aogh.3140


Downloads per month over past year

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item