The soundscape of the Anthropocene ocean

Duarte, Carlos M, Chapuis, Lucille, Collin, Shaun P, Costa, Daniel P, Devassy, Reny P, Eguiluz, Victor M, Erbe, Christine, Gordon, Timothy A C, Halpern, Benjamin S, Harding, Harry R, Havlik, Michelle N, Meekan, Mark, Merchant, Nathan D, Miksis-Olds, Jennifer L, Parsons, Miles, Predragovic, Milica, Radford, Andrew N, Radford, Craig A, Simpson, Stephen D, Slabbekoorn, Hans, Staaterman, Erica, Van Opzeeland, Ilse C, Winderen, Jana, Zhang, Xiangliang and Juanes, Francis (2021) The soundscape of the Anthropocene ocean. Science, 371 (6529). ISSN 0036-8075

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Abstract

Oceans have become substantially noisier since the Industrial Revolution. Shipping, resource exploration, and infrastructure development have increased the anthrophony (sounds generated by human activities), whereas the biophony (sounds of biological origin) has been reduced by hunting, fishing, and habitat degradation. Climate change is affecting geophony (abiotic, natural sounds). Existing evidence shows that anthrophony affects marine animals at multiple levels, including their behavior, physiology, and, in extreme cases, survival. This should prompt management actions to deploy existing solutions to reduce noise levels in the ocean, thereby allowing marine animals to reestablish their use of ocean sound as a central ecological trait in a healthy ocean.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2021 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2021 00:48
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2021 02:10
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/79462
DOI: 10.1126/science.aba4658

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