From Promising settler to Undesirable Immigrant:The Deportation of British-born Migrants from Mental Hospitals in Interwar Australia and South Africa

Smith, Jean (2018) From Promising settler to Undesirable Immigrant:The Deportation of British-born Migrants from Mental Hospitals in Interwar Australia and South Africa. The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 46 (3). ISSN 1743-9329

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

This article examines the process by which British-born migrants to Australia and South Africa were deported from mental hospitals in the 1920s and 1930s. It shows how men and women who arrived as permanent settlers could be re-classified as immigrants subject to expulsion. Debates over who was responsible for those who through mental illness or alcoholism were deemed ‘undesirable’ were conducted at the levels of both high diplomacy and petty bureaucracy. Tracing the history of deportation as a means of social engineering within the empire, this article highlights the tension between the transnational ideology of white supremacy and its expression in national terms. Using the case files of those deported from two settler colonial mental hospitals, Callan Park in Sydney and Valkenberg in Cape Town, as well as official deportation paperwork, it also traces how such diplomatic decisions were refracted through the process of attempted implementation. These files show firsthand both the social history of deportation and the mechanisms through which the settler colonial state aimed to shape its population by excluding not only those perceived to be racially other, but also those judged to be racially unfit. The process of determining domicile and of deportation itself reveals much about the frequently precarious circumstances and life histories of these migrants and their often far-flung networks, as well as the ways in which migrants and their families were able to negotiate the regulatory mechanisms of both the state and the asylum.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of History
Related URLs:
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2021 00:43
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2021 01:40
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/79358
DOI: 10.1080/03086534.2018.1457237

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item