Underwater noise abatement: Economic factors and policy options

Merchant, Nathan D. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1090-0016 (2019) Underwater noise abatement: Economic factors and policy options. Environmental Science & Policy, 92. pp. 116-123. ISSN 1462-9011

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Underwater noise pollution is becoming globally recognised as a significant threat to aquatic ecosystems and the resources they provide. The effects of noise pollution extend from blue whales to zooplankton, impacting threatened species and affecting key industries including fisheries and ecotourism. In response, policymakers in some jurisdictions have made substantive high-level commitments to address noise pollution, however the implementation of noise reduction measures (noise abatement) remains limited. To support the development of effective noise management policies, this paper explores the economic and policy context to noise abatement in three major noise-generating industries: shipping, offshore windfarm construction, and seismic surveying for oil and gas. In each case, tractable policy options are identified which make considered use of command-and-control and incentive-based measures in light of the available noise abatement methods. Drawing on instructive examples from terrestrial noise management and other sectors, it is concluded that such measures offer the most promising long-term solution to deliver existing and future policy commitments to manage cumulative levels of underwater noise pollution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 8 - decent work and economic growth,sdg 15 - life on land ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/decent_work_and_economic_growth
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Collaborative Centre for Sustainable Use of the Seas
Depositing User: LivePure Connector
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2021 01:18
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2022 08:34
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/79233
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2018.11.014


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